To get pregnant, a woman’s reproductive organs must function optimally. If the pregnancy does not come despite having routine sex, some of these procedures can be used as a fertility test tool to check the health of the female reproductive organs. Some of the female organs that are directly involved and must perform well in the reproductive system are the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries (ovaries). When one of the reproductive organs is not working optimally, a fertility test is needed to determine the conditions and disorders that occur in each of these organs. You can do at home fertility tests.
The doctor will perform several fertility tests to identify various problems that may be the cause of infertility. In addition to examining the reproductive organs, the doctor will also perform ovulation function tests and hormone tests to determine the cause of infertility. Here are some methods of examining female reproductive organs, including:
Hysterosalpingography or HSG
The first procedure that can be used to check the condition of a woman’s reproductive organs is hysterosalpingography (HSG). This fertility test uses X-rays to take pictures of the inside of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the surrounding area. Before this procedure is performed, a contrast fluid will first be injected into the uterus. This procedure aims to ensure that the uterus and fallopian tubes are in normal condition. In addition, this procedure can also be used to detect any problems in the uterus that might prevent conception, such as abnormal structures in the uterus and blockages in the fallopian tubes.
Another way that can be used to determine the condition of a woman’s reproductive organs is transvaginal ultrasound. Organs whose condition can be determined through this tool are the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. Apart from infertility reasons, a transvaginal ultrasound test can also be used for women who experience vaginal bleeding, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic pain, and check the position of the intrauterine device. This procedure can also help diagnose cancers of the reproductive organs, cysts, miscarriage, placenta previa, and birth defects in the fetus.